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Arduino 4 Channel Triac Module With Zero Crossing Sensor in Pakistan

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SKU: 637720616316286002

Rs.700 Rs. 875

This

is

4

Channel

Triac

Module

Module

which

gives

you

the

ability

to

make

Arduino

Ac

Dimmer

or

arduino

ac

phase

angel

controller

or

it

can

control

AC

related

applications

with

your

Arduino,Raspberry

pi,

PIC

or

Any

other

microcontroller.

There

are

four

channels

as

mentioned

in

the

item

description

and

all

channels

can

be

used

same

time.

class='font-size-24

mb-3'>Features:

Comprises

with

MOC3021

Zero

Cross

Phototriac

Driver

optocoupler

and

BT16

Triac

Simplifies

Logic

Control

of

115/240

Vac

Power

Zero

Voltage

Crossing

Signal

dv/dt

of

1500

V/µs

Typical,

600

V/µs

Guaranteed class='font-size-24

mb-3'>Applications:

Solenoid/Valve

Controls

Temperature

Controls

Lighting

Controls

E.M.

Contactors

Static

Power

Switches

AC

Motor

Starters

AC

Motor

Drives

Solid

State

Relays

Here

is

example

code

and

please

see

video

for

more

details.

//

By

Irfan

Ahmad

#define

DETECT

2

//zero

cross

detect #define

GATE

9

//TRIAC

gate #define

PULSE

500

//trigger

pulse

width

(counts) int

brightness=0;

#include void

setup(void) { pinMode(DETECT,

INPUT);

//zero

cross

detect digitalWrite(DETECT,

HIGH);

//enable

pull-up

resistor pinMode(GATE,

OUTPUT);

//TRIAC

gate

control attachInterrupt(0,zeroCrossingInterrupt,

RISING); Timer1.attachInterrupt(timer1_interrupt);

//

blinkLED

to

run

every

0.15

seconds Serial.begin(9600); } void

loop(void) { int

variable_value

=

analogRead(A0); brightness

=

map(variable_value,

0,

1023,

0,9000); if(brightness>7500)

detachInterrupt(0);

//

disconnect

interrrupt else

attachInterrupt(0,zeroCrossingInterrupt,

RISING);

//

connect

interrupt Serial.println(brightness); delay(100); }

//////////////////////////

void

zeroCrossingInterrupt(){

//zero

cross

detect

interrupt Timer1.initialize(brightness); }

//////////////////////////

///////////// int

state=0; void

timer1_interrupt(void)

//

timer

interrupt

to

triger

gate { if(state==0){state=1;Timer1.initialize(PULSE);digitalWrite(GATE,HIGH);}//

turn

on

gate else

{state=0;Timer1.stop();digitalWrite(GATE,LOW);}

//

turn

off

gate }

//////////////////////////

/////////////////////////

class='font-size-24

mb-3'>AC

Phase

Control

One

method

of

controlling

power

to

AC

circuits

uses

a

TRIAC

to

turn

the

power

on

and

off

at

precisely

timed

intervals

that

are

synchronized

with

the

AC

signal.

This

method

is

called

AC

phase

control.

It

is

the

method

used

in

many

light

dimmer

and

heater

power

control

circuits.

class='font-size-24

mb-3'>See

Also

http://playground.arduino.cc/Code/ACPhaseControl

class='font-size-24

mb-3'>Circuit

Using

an

Arduino

microcontroller

with

some

simple

circuitry,

we

can

monitor

the

AC

wave

to

determine

the

proper

time

to

turn

the

power

on

and

off

with

the

TRIAC

The

circuit

consists

of

an

opto-isolated

zero-crossing

detector

and

an

opto-isolated

trigger

circuit

for

the

TRIAC.

The

opto-isolators

are

necessary

to

keep

the

low

voltage

signal

circuits

away

from

the

power

circuits

and

provide

an

appropriate

level

of

safety.

As

with

all

circuits

involving

mains

voltage,

make

sure

you

know

what

you

are

doing.

class='font-size-24

mb-3'>Theory

of

Operation

The

zero-crossing

detection

circuit

provides

a

5V

pulse

every

time

the

AC

signal

crosses

zero

volts.

We

detect

this

with

the

Arduino

and

leverage

interrupts

to

time

the

trigger

circuit

precisely

in

synchronization

with

these

zero-crossing

events.

The

method

for

power

control

is

shown

in

the

diagram

below.

Once

a

zero

crossing

is

detected,

the

TRIAC

remains

off

for

a

controlled

amount

of

time

(t1)

.

The

longer

this

time

is,

the

less

power

the

AC

circuit

receives.

Once

the

“off-time”,

t1

has

elapsed,

the

microcontroller

turns

on

the

TRIAC

by

applying

a

voltage

to

the

gate

(shown

in

red).

Once

turned

on,

the

TRIAC

will

remain

on

even

after

the

gate

voltage

has

been

removed.

It

will

turn

off

if

the

gate

voltage

is

zero

the

next

time

the

AC

wave

crosses

zero.

Because

of

this,

we

do

not

need

to

take

care

to

turn

the

TRIAC

off

when

the

AC

signal

crosses

zero

again.

All

we

need

to

do

is

to

ensure

that

the

TRIAC

gets

turned

off

inside

of

the

period

of

½

wave

(t3).

The

duration

of

the

gate

pulse

(t2)

is

determined

by

a

minimum

requirement

of

the

traic.

If

this

pulse

is

too

short,

the

traic

will

not

fire

Once

the

second

zero

crossing

occurs,

since

there

is

no

voltage

on

the

gate,

the

TRIAC

remains

off

until

triggered

again

in

the

next

½

cycle.

The

net

result

here

is

that

we

“chop”

parts

of

the

wave

out

resulting

in

lower

average

power.

This

is

essentially

how

one

accomplishes

“PWM”

control

of

an

AC

wave.

We

will

be

using

interrupts

and

the

Arduino

timer

to

precisely

control

the

timing

of

the

TRIAC

gate.

To

get

a

feel

for

the

time

intervals,

we

need

to

look

at

the

AC

signal

and

the

Arduino

clock.

The

AC

signal

(in

the

US

anyway)

is

60

Hz.

What

this

means

is

that

the

AC

signal

crosses

zero,

reaches

peak

positive

voltage,

crosses

zero,

reaches

peak

negative

voltage

and

returns

to

zero

60

times

each

second.

The

period

(length

of

time

this

takes)

is

1/60

or

0.01667

seconds

(16.67

milliseconds).

A

half

cycle

(the

time

between

two

zero-crossings)

occurs

in

8.33

milliseconds.

This

is

t3

in

the

figure

above.

The

Arduino

clock

runs

at

16

MHz,

which

is

16,000,000

cycles

per

second:

one

clock

cycle

takes

0.0625

microseconds.

A

single

half

cycle

of

the

60

Hz

AC

signal

contains

133,333

clock

cycles.

This

is

important

because

we

will

be

determining

the

time

intervals

by

clock

counts

in

the

Arduino

code,

not

by

seconds.

There

is

quite

a

bit

of

good

information

on

use

of

interrupts

with

the

Arduino

out

on

the

web

so

I

won’t

cover

that

in

much

detail

here.

Basically

the

way

an

interrupt

works

is

that

when

some

event

happens

(either

internal

or

external

to

the

microprocessor),

the

microprocessor

immediately

stops

what

it

is

doing

to

“service”

the

interrupt.

This

allows

the

microprocessor

to

handle

very

time

sensitive

events

such

as

the

AC

Phase

control

task

here.

HeaterControl.pde

//

AC

Control

V1.1 // //

This

Arduino

sketch

is

for

use

with

the

heater

//

control

circuit

board

which

includes

a

zero

//

crossing

detect

function

and

an

opto-isolated

TRIAC. // //

AC

Phase

control

is

accomplished

using

the

internal

//

hardware

timer1

in

the

Arduino // //

Timing

Sequence //

*

timer

is

set

up

but

disabled //

*

zero

crossing

detected

on

pin

2 //

*

timer

starts

counting

from

zero //

*

comparator

set

to

"delay

to

on"

value //

*

counter

reaches

comparator

value //

*

comparator

ISR

turns

on

TRIAC

gate //

*

counter

set

to

overflow

-

pulse

width //

*

counter

reaches

overflow //

*

overflow

ISR

turns

off

TRIAC

gate //

*

TRIAC

stops

conducting

at

next

zero

cross //

The

hardware

timer

runs

at

16MHz.

Using

a //

divide

by

256

on

the

counter

each

count

is

//

16

microseconds.

1/2

wave

of

a

60Hz

AC

signal //

is

about

520

counts

(8,333

microseconds). #include

#include

#define

DETECT

2

//zero

cross

detect #define

GATE

9

//TRIAC

gate #define

PULSE

4

//trigger

pulse

width

(counts) int

i=483; void

setup(){

//

set

up

pins

pinMode(DETECT,

INPUT);

//zero

cross

detect

digitalWrite(DETECT,

HIGH);

//enable

pull-up

resistor

pinMode(GATE,

OUTPUT);

//TRIAC

gate

control

//

set

up

Timer1

//(see

ATMEGA

328

data

sheet

pg

134

for

more

details)

OCR1A

=

100;

//initialize

the

comparator

TIMSK1

=

0x03;

//enable

comparator

A

and

overflow

interrupts

TCCR1A

=

0x00;

//timer

control

registers

set

for

TCCR1B

=

0x00;

//normal

operation,

timer

disabled

//

set

up

zero

crossing

interrupt

attachInterrupt(0,zeroCrossingInterrupt,

RISING);

//IRQ0

is

pin

2.

Call

zeroCrossingInterrupt

//on

rising

signal }

//Interrupt

Service

Routines void

zeroCrossingInterrupt(){

//zero

cross

detect

TCCR1B=0x04;

//start

timer

with

divide

by

256

input

TCNT1

=

0;

//reset

timer

-

count

from

zero } ISR(TIMER1_COMPA_vect){

//comparator

match

digitalWrite(GATE,HIGH);

//set

TRIAC

gate

to

high

TCNT1

=

65536-PULSE;

//trigger

pulse

width } ISR(TIMER1_OVF_vect){

//timer1

overflow

digitalWrite(GATE,LOW);

//turn

off

TRIAC

gate

TCCR1B

=

0x00;

//disable

timer

stopd

unintended

triggers } void

loop(){

//

sample

code

to

exercise

the

circuit i--; OCR1A

=

i;

//set

the

compare

register

brightness

desired. if

(i<65){i=483;}

delay(15);

}

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